Nearby, Winterbourne Stoke Barrows is another fascinating example of a prehistoric cemetery. While Durrington Walls hides the remains of a Neolithic village.Today thanks to an extensive programme turning ploughed fields into pasture, you can explore the landscape and follow in the footsteps of the people who built and used Stonehenge.
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites was inscribed on the World Heritage Site List in 1986. It was one of the first seven sites to be nominated by the UK. Stonehenge and Avebury were nominated for their outstanding prehistoric monuments from the Neolithic and Bronze Age. They include Stonehenge (3000 – 1600BC), the most famous and sophisticated stone circle in the world, the immense henge and stone circle at Avebury and over 700 other monuments spanning around 2,000 years of history.
The site is in two parts: Stonehenge and Avebury with both covering landscapes of around 25 square kilometres. After exploring the famous stone circle, visitors can walk across the grassland to explore other prehistoric monuments, including the Avenue and King Barrow Ridge with its Bronze Age burial mounds.
Stonehenge and Avebury gained their place on the World Heritage Site list for their outstanding prehistoric monuments dating back over 5000 years to the Neolithic and Bronze Age. Stonehenge is the most famous and sophisticated prehistoric stone circle in the world.
At Avebury the massive banks and ditches of the henge enclose its largest. Both stone circles lie at the heart of prehistoric landscapes containing numerous impressive and amazingly well-preserved ceremonial monuments.
The Jurassic Coast is a unique window through time. With its rocks and fossils we can uncover detailed stories from Earth’s ancient past. Through its landslides, cliffs and beaches we can learn about the natural processes that formed the coast and continue to shape the world today.
The layers of sedimentary rock along the Jurassic Coast can be read like a book. They reveal the history of Earth across 185 million years and form a near complete record of the Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous periods. Exploring this immense story takes us on a ‘Walk Though Time’ across deserts, tropical seas, ancient forests and lush swamps, recorded in rock and laid out along the 95 mile stretch of coast between Exmouth in East Devon and Studland Bay in Dorset.
The Site boasts a range of outstanding examples of coastal geomorphological features, landforms and processes. It is a site of outstanding international importance for Earth Science. For this reason the Dorset and East Devon Coast – the Jurassic Coast – was designated as England’s first natural World Heritage Site in 2001.
Whether you want to hunt for fossils, visit a museum, or simply take in the stunning scenery on a good walk, you’ll find there are plenty of things to do along the Jurassic Coast. The X53 and X31 Jurassic Coaster bus services are one of the great ways to explore. The X53 runs from Poole to Exeter and stops at a number of towns and villages along the coast. The visitor centres, museums and attractions along the coast show each showcase local geology and associated stories.
To find out more visit Jurassic Coast World Heritage Site
The Site contains over 200 iconic Cornish engine houses, the largest concentration of such monuments anywhere in the world. But Cornish Mining is about far more than mine sites - the mining industry impacted on all aspects of life. Many of the towns and villages were either transformed by a growing industrial population, or newly built to house them.
Much of the landscape of Cornwall and West Devon was transformed in the 18th and early 19th centuries as a result of the rapid growth of pioneering copper and tin mining. Its deep underground mines, engine houses, foundries, new towns, smallholdings, ports and harbours, and their ancillary industries together reflect prolific innovation which, in the early 19th century, enabled the region to produce two-thirds of the world’s supply of copper.
Cornish technology embodied in engines, engine houses and mining equipment was exported around the world. Cornwall and West Devon were the heartland from which mining technology rapidly spread.
Ten separate areas make up the World Heritage Site. Each has its own character, opportunities for adventure, and a different combination of the features that make up the Cornish Mining landscape.
They reveal their history in the rows of distinctive terraced cottages, shops, chapels and substantial public buildings. Today you'll find plenty of great cafés, pubs, restaurants, art galleries and museums.
The remains of the transport networks that were developed to serve the mines during the early 19th Century - the railways, mineral tramways, canals, ports and quays - can now be explored by foot, bicycle or boat, making for invigorating and fascinating days out.
For more information visit Cornish Mining World Heritage Site
Reaching to the heights of Dartmoor and Exmoor and via the sea to Lundy, North Devon's Biosphere Reserve is one of 651 Reserves in 117 countries designated by UNESCO's Man and the Biosphere Programme and was the first of 6 to be designated in the UK. All exist to inspire a positive future by connecting people and nature.
Developing partnerships and managing projects for a sustainable future in north Devon, The North Devon Biosphere team work to maintain our world class environment and the high quality of life we get from it. We are here to help and advise and facilitiate partnerships and projects.
UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) is an intergovernmental programme aiming to set a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their local environments.Biosphere Reserves are established by individual countries and recognised by MAB to promote sustainable development based on local community efforts and sound science.
The variety of wildlife in North Devon's Biosphere Reserve is amazing and it is home to a number of rare and characteristic habitats and species. These are not just confined to places like Local Nature Reserves or Sites of Special Scientific Interest, but are all around us. Here are the thirteen major types of habitat in the Biosphere Reserve and where to find them
There are lots of ways in which comunities and enterprises are organising themselves to interact with their local environment and pioneer more sustainable forms of living for the future.
From local food to transport, waste minimisation, from sustainable energy production to the role of the environment in supporting our wellbeing, we can all be an active custodian of our world-class environment.
Cultural heritage is a very important part of what makes North Devon's Biosphere Reserve special.Be it the food we eat, the places we live, the communities we belong to or the cultural life we take part in, it is all strongly linked to the Biosphere environment.
For more information visit North Devon UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
Bath's hot springs are the only ones in Britain. 250,000 gallons of water flow through the springs each day. There are three main springs - the King's Spring, the Hetling Spring and the Cross Bath Spring. The hot springs have played a central role in every stage of the city's development, creating a unique social history and culture where the waters are central to healing and recreation.
Bath was inscribed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in 1987. World Heritage Sites are 'places of outstanding universal value to the whole of humanity'. 'Outstanding universal value' means cultural and/or natural significance.
Famous World Heritage Sites include The Taj Mahal, Pyramids of Giza, the Great Wall of China and the Grand Canyon.UNESCO added The City of Bath as a 'cultural site' to its World Heritage List in 1987. Bath is included because of its Roman Remains, 18th Century Architecture, 18th Century Town Planning, Social Setting, Hot Springs and Landscape Setting.
Many of the City's Roman remains are centred around the Roman Baths. These include the archaeological remains of the Roman temple of the Goddess Sulis Minerva and the extensive bathing complex. The Roman town of Aquae Sulis was a walled settlement. Beyond the city wall are Roman and Iron Age remains including hill forts, field systems and villas, demonstrating the extent of the settlement. The road system and Roman street plan later influenced the Medieval and Georgian layout of the City.
The neo-classical architectural style dominates in the city. Architects including John Wood the Elder, John Wood the Younger, Robert Adam, Thomas Baldwin, John Palmer, John Eveleigh and John Pinch followed Palladian principles in the building of houses, public buildings, bridges and churches. The Georgian arrangements of crescents, squares, the Circus and terraces form iconic, internationally recognisable structures. The widespread use of local limestone and the uniform scale and height of buildings contribute to the beauty of the city we see today.